00's Adventure

第十八周:发明,专利和收入[FabNotes035]

This week is about Invention, Intellectual Property, and Income.

Invention

research, development
ready, fire, aim
traffic, pain
ecosystems

Intellectual property

patents

  • types
    • utility (20 years from filing)
    • design (15 years from grant)
  • search
  • disclosure
    • private
    • public
      US: 1 year to file
      most international: can't file
      
    • defensive
  • provisional
    • 1 year to convert
    • included in term
  • full
    • teaching
    • specification, claims
    • types:
      composition,
      method,
      apparatus,
      manufacture
      
  • examination
    • novel, non-obvious, useful
    • (im)possibility
    • genes, business processes, software
  • Patent Cooperation Treaty (PCT)
    • nationalization
    • EPO
  • precedence:
    first to file vs first to invent
  • maintenance
  • litigation
    • defense
    • identify infringement
    • barriers to infringement
    • troll, NPE
    • ~ $100, $1k, $10k, $100k

copyrights

  • original works of authorship
  • designs, software, circuits, mask works
  • reproduce, modify, distribute, perform, display
  • secured on creation
  • notice of copyright
  • registration
  • lifetime + 70 years
  • licenses:
    open-source vs free,
    Creative Commons,
    GPL,
    LGPL,
    BSD,
    MIT/X11,
    Apache,
    fab lab
    

trademarks

  • establishment
  • registration
  • protection

Income

  • motivations:
    financial,
    cultural,
    social
    
  • sources
    products,
    consumables,
    licenses,
    advertising,
    platforms,
    infrastructure,
    services:
       operation,
       customization,
       education,
       research,
       impact
    
  • types
    • for-profit:
      sole proprietor,
      partnership,
      limited liability company (LLC),
      corporation
      
    • non-profit
      501(c)(3)
      
    • hybrid
  • funding:
    VC,
    incubator,
    angel,
    friends & family,
    crowdsource,
    loan,
    purchase commitment,
    bootstrap
    
  • lifecycle
    • (failure of) business plan
    • (need for) management team
    • (problems in) scaling
    • (pressure for) exit

accelerator/incubator/manufacturer

  • PCH, Highway 1
  • Flextronics, Flex
  • Dragon, Bolt
  • SEEED, HAX
  • Factory For All
  • Fab Lab Made

课程资源

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